Thursday, May 28, 2020
Article contributed by: Gina Zappariello If you are the parent of a college-bound high school student, you may be concerned about whether your child will make it all the way through college to graduation. You may also wonder whether the significant investment in college will be worth it, given that college graduates arenÃ¢â¬â¢t guaranteed success in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s rapidly changing job market. While oneÃ¢â¬â¢s academic background is probably the best indicator of academic success in college, to thrive in college today students will need more than just good grades. Students are entering a new world when they go to college. Here are just a few of the significant life changes college freshmen will experience: Social Independence The likelihood of all your childÃ¢â¬â¢s friends attending the same college as him is slim, so he will have to build a new group of social contacts. Stress The academic requirements in college are more rigorous than in high school, even for students who have taken AP courses. Strong time-management skills and motivation are needed. Impulse Control For students living away from home for the first time, there can be many temptations. Parents will not be there to catch them if they fall, or warn them about potential dangers. A study conducted at Harvard University in 2011 called Pathways to Prosperity showed that just 56% of students completed a four-year degree within six years. Only 29% of students who started a two-year degree program completed it within three years. According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in its 2011 report, Education at a Glance, less than 60% of U.S. students completed college. This placed the United States next to last among the 18 countries studied. Former UCLA Administrator Chip Anderson noted that Ã¢â¬Å"more students leave college because of disillusionment, discouragement or reduced motivation than because of lack of ability or dismissal by school administration.Ã¢â¬ How does an 18-year-old learn to be independent, self-sufficient, and responsible? Can he or she learn these skills before heading off to college? Yes, it is possible. Unlike cognitive intelligence (IQ), emotional intelligence (EI) can be developed and improved at any age. Daniel Goleman, in his book Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ, defined emotional intelligence as the Ã¢â¬Å"capacity for recognizing our own feelings and those of others, for motivating ourselves, and for managing emotions well in ourselves and our relationships.Ã¢â¬ There are 15 emotional and social competencies associated with emotional intelligence: Self-regard Self-actualization Emotional self-awareness Emotional expression Assertiveness Independence Interpersonal relationships Empathy Social responsibility Problem solving Reality testing Impulse control Flexibility Stress tolerance Optimism These competencies translate into skills students will need to thrive in college and beyond, such as the ability to develop a social support network, adjust to new academic expectations, and acquire the intrinsic motivation to accomplish personal and career goals. Emotional intelligence includes such skills as the ability to express emotions in a constructive way, form successful relationships, stand up for ourselves, set and achieve goals, and handle stress. There have been numerous studies demonstrating the importance of emotional intelligence in students who successfully complete college. In a 2009 study of 783 students done by Larry Sparkman at the University of Southern Mississippi, the best predictors of college completion (or graduation) were the emotional intelligence skills of empathy, social responsibility, flexibility, and impulse control. SparkmanÃ¢â¬â¢s study also suggested that measures of self-actualization, social responsibility, and happiness best predict cumulative GPA. Interestingly, very high scores in independence and interpersonal relationships tended to result in lower GPAs. Sparkman reasoned that students who are unwilling to seek help from tutors, counselors, or professors, and who spend too much time socializing with friends, may be at risk of getting lower grades. Success in college, and in our personal and professional lives, depends on a host of abilities, not all of which are academic. It is important to strengthen and maintain our Ã¢â¬Å"emotionalÃ¢â¬ skills as well. Gina Zappariello, MS, is a professional coach specializing in the development of emotional intelligence skills in college-bound and current college students. GinaÃ¢â¬â¢s background includes twelve years as a high school teacher, and over ten years in management positions with national tutoring companies. She has recently developed a unique program for students called ADAPT: The 5-Step System To Help You Gain The Skills You Need To Thrive in College And Life. The ADAPT program combines assessment, coaching, and an online program to help students identify and strengthen the EI skills they need to carry them successfully through college and into the workplace. Photo credit: harmonicagoldfish
Monday, May 18, 2020
CORAL DIVERS RESORT Business Description Coral Divers Resort (Coral) is acting since 10 years on the niche industry of a rapidly growing sport scuba diving in the island of New Providence in the Bahamas. The company belongs to Jonathan Greywell familys who found this niche by creating short weekend and midweek diving ventures, a service that intrigued the public, both single and families. Coral Divers Resort has targeted the aficionado diver, and the tyro, both of which want maximum diving pleasure for minimum expense, having the advantage of accomodation at a beachfront location. Due to the economic crises and to the changes of people behaviours the resort starting to be confronted with loss in financial performance, but even whenÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦At least for the moment Coral Divers Resort will compete only with the existent companies which split already the market share and the startegy should be developed in exploting the strong points and the weaknesses of the competitors. Objectively Appraising CoralÃ¢â¬â¢s Resources The company has a staff of 11 people qualified according to the standard of PADI and NAUI where the resort is affiliated which generate a fix cost of salaries and wages of 27,36% from the total expenses which require the necessity of generating cash flow in order to pay them and to keep the business alive. As were talking about selling services the cost of goods sold is below 1%, which is good. Coral have to improve the collaboration within local industry and within the team by creating a sense on ownership for different activities which will allow each team member to identify changing circumstances easier. They should also improve on Knowledge Integration (new tourism packages implementation in Operations) and sharing amongst team members. Coral should identify and exploit their internal strengths and protect area of weaknesses and eliminate them as much as possible. As a strong point the resort has the competitiveShow MoreRelatedEssay about Coral Divers Resort Case Study683 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesProblem: Coral Divers Resort is a safe and knowledgeable scuba diving resort with a beach front location. Over the past three years revenues have declined and Greywell suffered a $5, 174 in losses in 1994. Coral Divers Resort needs to do something before business gets worse and Jonathan Greywell and his resort go out of business. The first option that Greywell has would be to move Coral Divers Resort to New Providence Island in the Bahamas. The island has a large population, and Nassau theRead MoreTsmp6511 Words Ã |Ã 27 PagesMarine Park Visitor and Willingness-to-Pay Survey Contents Introduction and Aims Summary Methods 1. Survey Results 1.1. 1.2. 1.3. 1.4. 1.5. 1.6. 1.7. Respondent profile Places visited and activities undertaken Interest in alterative activities Diver experience and dive operators Rating of quality and health of reefs in TSMP Additional comments Willingness-to-pay 2 2 4 5 7 8 10 11 13 15 17 20 21 2. Discussion and conclusions regarding entry and diving fee Annex 1. Letter to tour operatorsRead MoreThe Negative Effects of Tourism3593 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesindustry, tourism has its downside. Negative effects caused by tourism industry can be very costly to the country and its population. For the island of Jamaica as well as other islands, the effects include pollution animal and plant extinction, coral reef destruction, inadequate sewage and waste disposal system, deforestation, destruction and erosion of the beaches. This doesnt seem like a lot, but as the time goes by, the problem intensifies especially if there is nothing done about it. LocalRead MoreThe Negative Effects of Tourism3584 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesindustry, tourism has its downside. Negative effects caused by tourism industry can be very costly to the country and its population. For the island of Jamaica as well as other islands, the effects include pollution animal and plant extinction, coral reef destruction, inadequate sewage and waste disposal system, deforestation, destruction and erosion of the beaches. This doesnt seem like a lot, but as the time goes by, the problem intensifies especially if there is nothing done about it. LocalRead MoreBusiness Plan for a Dive Shop10436 Words Ã |Ã 42 PagesMrs. M Jooste Account Manager Brusselselaan 2 2587 AH The Hague The Netherlands Dear Mrs. Jooste, Deep Sea Diving Adventures Management namely, Thijs van Schijndel, Roger Langmann and Moritz von Kummer as well as the silent partner (former navy diver and co-founder of Underwater Times) would like to follow up on previous conversations and meetings regarding the Deep Sea Diving Adventures business idea at Australias Gold Coast. DSDA Management is glad to present the business proposition forRead More Ecotourism, Tourism, and Development in Mexico Essay2772 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pageshealth care, they can also deplete and damage the very resources that made the Carribean coast pleasing. Development and tourism, particularly ecotourism, must be safe and sustainable, environmentally, economically, politically, culturally. Our study has given us insight into some of these difficult development areas, and we will use our observations and conversations to demonstrate and disseminate ideas for better development. Tourism has become much more prevalent in recent times, dueRead MoreEnvironmental Impacts of Tourism6014 Words Ã |Ã 25 Pagesthe environment is complex. It involves many activities that can have adverse environmental effects. Many of these impacts are linked with the construction of general infrastructure such as roads and airports, and of tourism facilities, including resorts, hotels, restaurants, shops, golf courses and marinas. The negative impacts of tourism development can gradually destroy the environmental resources on which it depends.On the other hand, tourism has the potential to create beneficial effects on theRead MoreEnglish Thesis2890 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesBoracay Beach Resort Top Tourist Destination in the Philippines Princess Dyann P. Valle H-175; BSI-TTM Chapter I Introduction: Boracay is a small island in the Philippines located approximately 315 km south of Manila and 2 km off the northwest tip of Panay Island in the Western Visayas region of the Philippines. Boracay Island and its beaches have received awards from numerous travel publications and agencies. The island comprisesRead MoreFeasibility Study for a Beach Resort16987 Words Ã |Ã 68 Pagessummary This feasibility study is commissioned by Mr. Jaime D. Reyes, a resort owner from Pinamalayan, Oriental Mindoro. The resort owner would like to further utilize his resort, Bulaklak Garden Resort, a 24-hectare beach front in Brgy. Pili. Currently, only 3-hectares of the land is being utilized, making 21-hectares a viable spot for improvements. However, due to financial constraints, the owner would like to loan to the bank to finance the probable expansion of his resort, and before this pushesRead MoreBurj Al Arab4747 Words Ã |Ã 19 Pagesspecifications with a private guest services and butler service available on every floor. Burj Al Arab enjoys the benefit of a private beach, the Assawan Spa Health Club and guests are able to use all the facilities of the adjoining Jumeirah Madinat Resort and Jumeira Beach Hotel which are just a short buggie ride away. There are a choice of fine dining restaurants, bars and lounges including the award-winning Al Mahara seafood restaurant. Perso nalised service sets Burj Al Arab apart from its competitors
Saturday, May 16, 2020
There are some Christians who do know that the Believer has a Ã¢â¬Å"sin nature.Ã¢â¬ Because of that, they use such as an excuse to sin and keep sinning. In other words, they say, Ã¢â¬Å"I have a Ã¢â¬Å"sin nature,Ã¢â¬ so I canÃ¢â¬â¢t help but sin.Ã¢â¬ Most fall back on the Verse written by the Apostle Paul, Ã¢â¬Å"For that which I do, I allow (understand) not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do IÃ¢â¬ (Rom. 7:15). Such people are guilty of the sin of Ã¢â¬Å"antinomianism.Ã¢â¬ The prefix Ã¢â¬Å"antiÃ¢â¬ comes from a Greek word that means exactly what it says, i.e., Ã¢â¬Å"to be opposed, to be against.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"NomiÃ¢â¬ in the Greek means Ã¢â¬Å"law.Ã¢â¬ Such people, in other words, live a lawless existence, meaning that they look at sin very lightly. They also fall back on another statementÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦5:17). The sin and the debauchery they, as an unredeemed individual, once loved, they now hate. The thing they once hated, namely living for God, they now love. In fact, the Ã¢â¬Å"human natureÃ¢â¬ of such a person has changed, because they have been Ã¢â¬Å"born againÃ¢â¬ (Jn. 3:3, 16). But unfortunately, most Believers are little taught GodÃ¢â¬â¢s Prescribed Order of Victory, so they set out to live for the Lord in all the wrong ways. If a person wants to sin, that person is not really saved. In respect to this, John the Beloved said, Ã¢â¬Å"Whosoever is born of God does not commit sin (does not practice sin); for His seed remains in him (refers to the Word of God): and he cannot sin (cannot continue to practice sin), because he is born of GodÃ¢â¬ (1 Jn. 3:9). John also said, Ã¢â¬Å"And ye know that he was manifested to take away our sins; and in him is no sinÃ¢â¬ (Christ did so at the Cross; the Christian cannot practice what Christ came to take away and destroy.) Ã¢â¬Å" Whosoever abideth in him sinneth not (does not practice sin): whosoever sinneth (practices sin) hath not seen him, neither known him.Ã¢â¬ (1 Jn. 3:5-6). If we look to the Cross, Ã¢â¬Å"sin shall not have dominion over usÃ¢â¬ (Rom. 6:14). (Continued on next pageÃ¢â¬ ¦) The Friendly Messenger Page 9 Volume 6 Edition 1 (Ã¢â¬ ¦Continued on from page 8) Most Christians, tragically, although saved, simply do not know how to live for God. This means that almost all the ways they areShow MoreRelatedCome, Follow Me Essay1069 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"We are all seekers, people who are searching for some measure of happiness and fulfillment.Ã¢â¬ (Lamoureux, 1) Humans naturally have an appetite or hunger for things like food, drink and money. Humans also have desires that seek satisfaction. We want to be as satisfied as possible. Humans want to know their purposes in life and finally be able to reach that ultimate goal or obstacle and complete it. In this completion, a human finds their ultimate meaning or value. When thinking of where your moralityRead More Comparing Christianity and Islam Essay1573 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesessay I will explain their differences and similarities, their messages, how they treat their believers and other religions, their historical relationship, and other topics along these lines. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã I will start this essay by explaining Christianity, and many things about it. The word Ã¢â¬Å"ChristianityÃ¢â¬ itself, means Ã¢â¬Å"Believer in Christ.Ã¢â¬ If you are a believer in this religion, you are called a Ã¢â¬Å"ChristianÃ¢â¬ . There are many different denominations of this religion, and the things they share are the beliefRead MoreThe Gospel Essentials : The Christian Religion Essay1711 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Gospel Essentials The Christian religion finds its foundation on the Word of God and the work of Jesus Christ. Christianity finds its beginnings with Jesus Christ about 2,000 years ago, when he, the Son of God, came down to earth to teach, heal, and die for the sins of humanity. After God created man, man openly rebelled against Him, causing a rift in their relationship. Since humans cannot save themselves, a perfect and completely innocent sacrifice was necessary in order to purify and restoreRead MoreGods Grace935 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAll Christians know this passage, and many have memorized it. And yet, many Christians do not fully understand what the passage actually means. They know they have been saved by grace through faith. That is, they know that their sinful nature separated them from God, who is holy (the opposite of sinful), and that they therefore were dead in their sins, unable to have peace with God. In other words, the payment for sin is death - eternal separation from God. They also realize that they couldRead MoreHow Adam Affects The Life Of A Christian Person Today1697 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNow we turn to how Adam affects the life of a Christian person today. Many things parallel with Adam and thusly should be a part of the belief of Christians today. If someone is a believer then it is safe to assume a couple things about them. Primarily, they are believers in the incarnation of Christ. When we speak of the incarnation of Christ it is the idea that Christ left the throne of heaven and his Heavenly Father and lowered himself to the level of man in order to fulfill the work that HisRead MoreThe Gospel Essentials : The Christian Religion Essay1688 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Gospel Essentials The Christian religion finds its foundation on the Word of God and the work of Jesus Christ. Christianity finds its beginnings with Jesus Christ about 2,000 years ago. Jesus Christ, the Son of God, came down to earth to teach, heal, and die for the sins of humanity. When God created man, he openly rebelled against God, causing a rift in their relationship. Since humans cannot save themselves, a perfect and completely innocent sacrifice was necessary in order to purify and restoreRead MoreFlannery OConnor: A Brief Biography842 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesfor the writer to worry is to take over Gods business.Ã¢â¬ (OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor). This statement is encouraging to all believers in God, knowing that it is coming from a fellow Catholic like Flannery OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor. OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor is associated with the Christian Realism movement, which is a logical view developed by a theologian, Reinhold Niebuhr, who argued that the Kingdom of God cannot be realized on earth because of the naturally cor rupt trends of society (Ã¢â¬Å"Flannery OÃ¢â¬â¢ConnorÃ¢â¬ ). This movement began in the late 1940Ã¢â¬â¢sRead MoreChristianity And Judaism : Christianity Vs. Judaism Essay1706 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthese two religions justify the nature of human existence and nature of God; human suffering; and the afterlife will highlight these differences. In addition, each religionÃ¢â¬â¢s view of the major holidays, and how they interact peacefully with other religions are also important distinctions. Christianity and Judaism have some differences on the belief of nature and purpose of human existence. Christians, believe we were created good but because of original sin, we tend to do morally wrong things. On theRead MoreChurch s Stance On Homosexuality1687 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages As people continue to evolve, the world strives to accommodate to their ever-changing interest. The businesses and establishments that do adapt continue to be every day components of human lives. However, well known establishments such as the church have struggled to evolve with modern times, resulting in a decline in members. Controversies such as the churchÃ¢â¬â¢s stance on homosexuality, abortion, and the role of women have plagued the church for centuries, and continue to today. These reasons amongRead MoreThe Doctrine Of Sin Is Not A Modern Day Phenomenon1121 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesapproval for gay marriage has risen from 27% to 55% according to a Princeton Survey poll. This trend towards the ac ceptance of sin is not a modern-day phenomenon. During PaulÃ¢â¬â¢s time, the church in Rome experienced similar acceptance of sins by members of society. In his letter to the Romans, Paul offers guidance on topics relating to the natural world, human identity, human relationships, and human culture. In each instance, PaulÃ¢â¬â¢s prevailing theme is the assurance that although sin caused us to fall from
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Gay Marriages In Georgia Imagine that when a person is born there is a generator and the parents will get to choose what their baby looks like when they get older. The generator consists of how tall the person will be, the eye color, and also the skin tone. What if the parents got to choose the personality as well? The individual would never be able to express themselves. What if the parents dislike gays and told the child that they could never be gay. The individual could never express their true personality because they were born Ã¢â¬Å"not to be gay.Ã¢â¬ This is where the bible will come into play. Even though the bible says that a relationship should be with one man and one woman, people in Georgia should be able to marry anyone who pleases them and treats them appropriately because everyone should be content; they deserve the ideal relationship and everyone should have the opportunity to find the person that is meant for them. In the Civil War Amendments, the Fourteenth Amen dment had by far the most far reaching effects on the Constitution. It promises Ã¢â¬Å"equal protection of the laws.Ã¢â¬ In section one, it says that any person has the right to life, liberty, or property within its jurisdiction to equal protection of the laws. The pursuit of happiness is to freely pursue joy and live happy, as long as they do not violate the rights of others. Homosexuals are not harming anyone in any way. There was a time when African Americans were also discriminated against. For instance, if aShow MoreRelatedShould Gay Marriage Be Allowed?2234 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pages Should Gays and Lesbians be allowed to raise children? Same Sex marriage has really come out of the darkness and into societyÃ¢â¬â¢s spotlight. It has increasingly become one of the most controversial issues in the United State of America and around the world. The public opinion varies by race, gender, class, culture, religion and in the political arena. Perhaps there have been positive shifts in attitudes towards gay marriages. This paper I will go through the impact of marital, family statue, andRead MoreGay Marriage Should Not Be Allowed Anywhere On This Earth.1023 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGay Marriage should not be allowed anywhere on this Earth. Charles Colson, a contributing editor of the Christianity Today magazine and a radio commentator, was against gay marriage in his article, he wrote Ã¢â¬Å"Gay Ã¢â¬Å"MarriageÃ¢â¬ : Societal Suicide.Ã¢â¬ Many people can flood both sides of this argument, but are mainly against gay marriages. Gay marriage is a sin, violates the natural law, children should be raised by a mother and fath er, and the rights should not be equal if they choose to disobey God. HoweverRead MoreEssay about Sexual Ethics: Gay Marriage Should Not Be Allowed1343 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagestodayÃ¢â¬â¢s news and media, it seems that the topic of homosexuality and whether it is morally acceptable or unacceptable is brought up on a daily occurrence. Many individuals believe that homosexuality is a problem and ceremonies such as gay marriage should not be allowed. However, what is it that makes homosexuality considered wrong? Critics argue that homosexuality goes against the BibleÃ¢â¬âthe word of GodÃ¢â¬âand is immoral. The issue of homosexuality, however, is argued further when considering the topicRead MoreGays Should Be Legal Contract1290 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGays Should Be Allowed To Marry Calling something marriage does not make it marriage. Marriage is a legal contract between a man and a woman. It is the institution that establishes kinship and relations in the family. Marriage is mostly recognized by a state, organization, religious authority, local community, or peers. Marriage is for procreation, education, the unity, and well-being of the couple. Some say marriage is for two people who love each other and ready for commitment. Nevertheless, inRead MoreEssay about Lets Legalize Gay Marriage872 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLetÃ¢â¬â¢s Legalize Gay Marriage Gay marriage is a right. Heterosexual couples are allowed to enjoy all the marriage benefits, so why shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t same-sex couples be able to? Why should other people be able to choose who marries who? If a man and a woman get married, no one seems to care. Gay marriage should be legal because itÃ¢â¬â¢s an issue of equal rights, it would save society money, and it will increase the chances for foster children to be adopted into loving families. Same-sex marriage is an issueRead MoreGay Marriage and Its Issues1260 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGay Marriage and its Issues Gay marriage has been an issue for a very long time and since some states are legalizing it, many worry that it would soon be added as an amendment. The topic of gay marriage brings up religious, legal, and many other issues. In Whats wrong with Gay Marriage? by Katha Pollitt, the author supports gay marriage and wants it legalized. She states that there is no problem with gay marriage and its all a matter of separating the church and state. But in Ã¢â¬Å"Gay Ã¢â¬ËMarriageÃ¢â¬â¢:Read MoreSame Sex Marriages Should Be Legal1713 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSame-sex marriages have a same gender identity or biological as gay and lesbian couples. Not a long time ago, people did not understand about gays, homosexualities, and these married situations. Therefore, they have many false ideas about gays and think homosexuality is against God and nature. After many years, gay people fought for same-sex rights and had many improvements in understanding these relations. Besides, more people had open minds to homosexuality and accepted gay marriages. AccordingRead MoreShould Same Sex Marriage Be Legalized in the United States Essay1399 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDebate Paper Should same sex marriage be legalized in the United States? In some of our states laws have already been passed to allow same sex couples the freedom to get married, while other states are still resisting for one reason or another. As with everything else there is more than one side, more than one argument supporting and more than one argument resisting the changes being proposed. There are religious reasons, moral reasons, constitutional reasons and financial reasons being used by bothRead MoreGay Marriage Should Be Legal925 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGay Marriage jenisea Phoenix Community College Gay Marriage What if you met someone and fell deep in love? What if they meant everything in the world to you? WouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t you do whatever it takes to make them happy? What if i told you that you couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t? and that no matter how much you showed someone that you are meant to be that you couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t marry them? WouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t that tear you apart inside?. Ã¢â¬Å"The Human Rights Campaign Foundation states thatRead MoreSame Sex Marriage Is The Legal Union Essay1562 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAbout Company Legal Site Map Contact Advertise Ã¯â¡ º Ã¯â¡ ¼ Ã¯â¡ ½ Ã ©2015 StudyMode.com Home Same-sex marriage Same Sex Marriage Same Sex Marriage Civil union, Homosexuality, Marriage By kwhite89 Mar 16, 2015 1510 Words 56 Views More info Ã¯ââ PDF View Text View Page 6 of 6
There is an extricable relationship between race, capitalism, and property and how it perpetuates the notion of whiteness through the exploitation of Ã¢â¬Å"othersÃ¢â¬ . Property is a relationship of a person and an object; slaves were considered as objects. Race is constructed from white workersÃ¢â¬â¢ ideology of whiteness and labor wage. Racism has been long constructed through the production of race and its relations to property, and we can see it through the notion of capitalism and the idea of whiteness. In the Wages of Whiteness (an edition revision) by David Roediger, an American labor historian, he examines the growth and social construction of race during the 1800s and its relations to white workers. Roediger states by labeling race based on its skin color and social status, white folks wereÃ¢â¬Å"...seen as Ã¢â¬ËnaturallyÃ¢â¬â¢ white, and Black workers become Ã¢â¬ËintrudersÃ¢â¬â¢ who are strongly suspected of being Ã¢â¬ËloafersÃ¢â¬â¢ as wellÃ¢â¬ (Roediger 19). The production of race formed once white workers accepted their class positions by accepting their identities as Ã¢â¬Ënot slavesÃ¢â¬â¢ and as Ã¢â¬Ënot BlacksÃ¢â¬â¢. In this case, there was a necessity for white workers to have its own sense of class and gender identity to determine who has power and who does not. Race was socially constructed through white workerÃ¢â¬â¢s ideologies of distinguishing themselves from Native Americans and black folks, or simply the Ã¢â¬Å"othersÃ¢â¬ . As Roediger states: After the failure of early attempts to Ã¢â¬Ëreduce the savages to civilityÃ¢â¬â¢ by enslavingShow MoreRelatedThe Wages Of Whiteness : Race And The Making Of The American Working Class1565 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn The Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class, David Roediger examines the intensification of American racism in the white working classes in antebellum America. He maintains that, impelled by republican doctrine, the pressures and anxieties of industrialization and the longing for a preindustrial past, white workers constructed a notion of Ã¢â¬Å"whitenessÃ¢â¬ and of white supremacy in opposition to black slavery that characterized black slaves as their inferiors. ThereforeRead MoreWhiteness and Citizenship971 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCaptain AhabÃ¢â¬â¢s eulogy of whiteness shows that the word Ã¢â¬Å"whiteÃ¢â¬ implies more than a chromatic description. Ã¢â¬Å"WhiteÃ¢â¬ is an untenable perfection that has haunted the American psyche si nce colonial times. The idea of Ã¢â¬Å"white spiritual superiorityÃ¢â¬ can only be enforce by a terrorist politico-legal system, based on brutalizing the non-whites and creating a national fantasy. A national fantasy defined by Lauren Berlant as the means Ã¢â¬Å"to designate how national culture becomes local through the images, narrativesRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Wages Of Whiteness 1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDavid R. Roediger displays the history of how the theory of Ã¢â¬Å"whitenessÃ¢â¬ has evolved throughout the years in America in his book, The Wages of Whiteness. According to Roediger, Ã¢â¬Å"whitenessÃ¢â¬ is much a constructed identity as Ã¢â¬Å"blacknessÃ¢â¬ or any other. He argues that this idea of Ã¢â¬Å"whitenessÃ¢â¬ has absolutely nothing to do with the advantage of the economy, but that it is a psychological racial stereotype that was created by white men themselves. He claims that it is definitely true that racism should beRead MoreWhiteness as a Field of Study2712 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesCaptain AhabÃ¢â¬â¢s eulogy of whiteness shows that the word Ã¢â¬Å"whiteÃ¢â¬ implies more than a chromatic description. Ã¢â¬Å"WhiteÃ¢â¬ is an untenable perfection that has haunted the American psyche since colonial times. The idea of Ã¢â¬Å"white spiritual superiorityÃ¢â¬ can only be enforced by a terrorist politico-legal system, based on brutalizing the non-whites and creating a national fantasy. A national fantasy defined by Lauren Berlant as the means Ã¢â¬Å"to designate how national culture becomes local through the images, narrativesRead MorePostcolonial Historian Matthew Frye Jacobson In Whiteness1756 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesPostcolonial historian Matthew Frye Jacobson in Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race traces the Ã¢â¬Å"racial odysseyÃ¢â¬ of immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe who were at Ã¯ ¬ rst regarded as racial other, and then relegated to the status between black and white, and finally inclusive as Caucasian white. These in-between groups were classiÃ¯ ¬ ed as Ã¢â¬Å"Hebrews,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Celts,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Mediterraneans,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Iberics,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Slavs,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Teutons,Ã¢â¬ and the like in nineteenth and early twentieth centuriesRead MoreRacism and Identity1122 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFurthermore, by setting a limited standard for what a people look like negates any perceived identity within the group. There is no perceived individuality as David Roeadiger writes in reference to Ernest HoganÃ¢â¬â¢s song Ã¢â¬Å"All Coons Look Alike,Ã¢â¬ the song Ã¢â¬Å"bore a title that suggested how thoroughly dehumanizing racist stage stereotypes could beÃ¢â¬ (Roediger 98). Second, these impersonations were only temporary displays. Theaters and show venues provided an Ã¢â¬Å"appropriateÃ¢â¬ setting to explore the world of Black entertainmentRead MoreCultural Marxist George Lipsitz In The Possessive Investment1698 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesin The Possessive Investment in Whiteness: How White People Profit from Identity Politics consolidates both the structural theory of institutional racism and the political cultural ideology and conception of racism history in the context of political changes in the Untied States. Lipsitz is not the first historian to analyze critical racism theory, but he is the first to extend the analysis into the late twentieth century. Traditional historiographies of whiteness in the United States emphasize theRead MoreThe Law Enforcement Model And Moral Imperatives1602 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"get real about raceÃ¢â¬ and accept the Ã¢â¬Å"permanence of racismÃ¢â¬ due to white racial consciousness, white nepotism, and white racial bonding. Ã Similarly Roediger discusses aspects of the permanence of racism in his Wages of Whiteness. First define these four concepts: white racial consciousness, white nepotism, white racial bonding, and wages of whiteness. Then use them to engage the following: Ã Is racism permanent? How does Bell legitimize his arguments? Why have the law enforcement model and moral imperativeRead MoreWhite Collar And Blue Collar Essay1758 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesslavery, slavery makes sense. You want work done and you donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to pay for it so you can have more money. Am I say it is right? No, I am simply saying that as a black person I get it. Slavery was fueled by the need for work to be done at the lowest wages as possible. Before African slaves were brought to America the first settlers conquered and used Indians. To my understanding of how we went from Indian slaves to African slaves is that Europeans worked Indians until they could not work anymore. EuropeansRead MoreThe Effects Of Black Stereotypes On Mass Media1884 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesthe routine of Jewish performers acting in blackface. His simple theory is that white ethnics penetrated conventional America via rejecting connections towards racialized Ã¢â¬Å"othersÃ¢â¬ . Rogin dissects his information from David R. RoedigerÃ¢â¬â¢s book, The Wages of Whiteness. In it, Roediger says Ã¢â¬Å"conventional America, could only recognize white ethnics at the detriment of black America.Ã¢â¬ Contrasting RoedigerÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view, Rogin says that Jews mutually classified alongside as well as renounced associations
Question: Discuss about the Servant vs Transactional Theory of Leadership. Answer: Introduction A person who leads a group of people to achieve a set target is known as a leader. He leads his team with a vision, persuasion, inspiration, and personal connections. The art of leading a team to attain a result that would not be possible without leaders effort is known as the leadership style or a theory of the leader. The leadership theory is the characteristics of a leader which make him a unique person in the group of people (Antonakis House, 2014). Here in this report, two different leadership theories will be discussed. The servant theory and the transactional theory are two types of common leadership theories. A comparison between the two theories and how these theories contribute to leading is a part of the report. Many big and famous leaders follow such leadership styles. Two examples of such leaders are Mahatma Gandhi and Donald Trump their personality traits, characteristics, and achievements are included in the report (Brungardt, 2011). Servant Theory of Leadership VS Transactional Theory of Leadership Servant Theory says that the most effective, successful, and influential leaders are servants of their people. The leader who follows the servant theory of leadership gets the targeted aim of the organization through whole-hearted cooperation and attention is given to the followers and their needs. Most of the leadership, style emphasizes on just influencing and motivating the people working under the leader (Daft, 2011). But, servant leader emphasizes on collaborating, gaining trust, trusting others, empathizing, and ethically doing the work. According to the servant theory of leadership a leader should desire to serve others in a better way rather than attaining more power in the organization. As per servants theory of leadership, if a leader takes care of his followers and their needs that the followers will also reciprocate by working in a team, showing better work performance and deeply engaging themselves in the organizations betterment (Dalglish Miller, 2010). A transactional leader values structure, and order in an organization. A transactional leadership is more ideal for a military operation, managing a large firm, or leading international level projects that need rules, regulation, and discipline to be followed to achieve the goals on a targeted time, or to move people or supplies in an organized manner. Places, where creativity or innovative ideas are needed their transactional leadership theory, will prove to be useless (Dartey-Baah, 2015). People who are self-motivated work well under the transactional leadership as they prefer work in a structured and directed environment. The main focus of a transactional leadership is in the results, or the aim set by the organization. On a general basis, a transactional leader has a formal position and authority in an organization so that he can direct people to work as per the given instructions. The leader following transactional leadership has set criteria for his team members as per the proj ect requirements. A transactional leader prefers to work with experienced people who know their job and get motivated by the penalty-reward system (Davenport, 2014). Comparison of Characteristics of Transactional and Servant Leadership Theories While comparing the two leadership styles the primary difference that occurs is the focus of the leader in both the theories. A servant leader focuses on his followers, their needs, and the organizational aim comes secondary for him. When referring to a transactional leader the prime focus of a transactional leader is totally towards the organization and the objectives set by the organization. The point till which a leader shifted his focus of leadership towards the objectives of an organization and the followers is the distinguishing point that clarifies the leadership style of a leader to transactional or servant style leadership (de Vries, 2012). When comparing the characteristic of both the leadership style, then transactional leadership aims at short-term goals of the organization and the leader prefer structured procedures and policies to be followed in the organization. He has certain rules that he follows and wants his subordinates should also follow. He does not want things to go wrong in any manner, and if anything goes wrong then he doesnt hesitate to give a punishment for the wrong doing (Frey Horn, 2009). Rewards for following the correct procedures and rules and regulations are also given by the leader following transactional leadership style. A transactional leader is inflexible and does not want any change in his working and work environment. He prefers working with people who know what they are doing and are experienced. The subordinates should not question the rules set by the leader. When a leader follows servant leadership theory, then the characteristics traits he shows includes listening to the team members working under him without judging them for it (Hinkin Schriesheim, 2008). A servant is always an authentic person who is open to all suggestion and ready to help his subordinates. Whatever a servant leader does is as per the ethics and can be accounted for. A servant leader does not work like a boss or a leader but as a part of the tea m. Building a community and appreciating the work of team-members is one of the characteristics of a servant-leader. A servant-leader shares his power with his group and help in developing people by making them learn the work while they work for achieving the organizations objectives (Lennick Kiel, 2006). The Comparison of Advantages of following Transactional or Servant Leadership Theories The advantages of following Transactional leadership is that people who are self-motivated and follows instructions word by word are rewarded for their work. When applied by the management of a large organization, transactional leadership helps in creating an unambiguous structure of the company. Systems where repetitive tasks are required and an infinite reproducible environment is demanded their transactional leadership will prove to be successful leadership theory (McCarthy, 2015). Under Transactional leadership short-term goals are achieved very quickly. Workers have a clear idea of rewards and penalties under the transactional leadership. The advantages of following servant leadership theory are that it helps in building a very strong team which led to a great team-work and efforts. Servant leader listens to all the members of his team which allows him to look at a bigger picture. A servant leader can build excellent rapport and relationship with his subordinates or team members . Servant leadership leads to create a high level of loyalty from followers towards their leader. Servant leadership works on trust and ethics which help in binding a team together and encourages a high degree of engagement (Mumford, Campion, Morgeson, 2007). The Comparison of Disadvantages of following Transactional or Servant Leadership Theories The disadvantages of following transactional leadership theory are like the rewards given to the workers for their work performance are either in a form of perks or on a monetary basis. These rewards are sometimes liked by the employees, but sometimes their needs are different then the perks they are getting. The set goals and target of the organization limit the creativity and innovativeness of the employees. They dont get a chance to show their other talents and skills to the company. Any kind of personal initiative from the employee towards the organization is not rewarded as it is not considered by the transactional leader (Munshi, 2010). The disadvantages of following servant leadership theory are like the companies who work on a short-term basis and want result very quickly will not prefer to follow servant leadership style as it is good for long-term basis but not for the quick result. A servant leadership theory is taken as a long-term strategy which is very much depended on building loyalty and trust of the workers for their leader to get the maximum output from them; this whole relation building process takes up a long time. Large organizations do not want to follow the servant leadership style as it needs a leadership style that can help in maintaining the high degree of organizational structure to survive in the market which is not possible in servant leadership theory (Munshi, 2010). Leaders following Transactional and Servant Leadership Theories The Transactional Leadership Theory (Donald Trump) Donald Trump is a well-known business man famous for his eccentric and unique business tactics. He displays a different leadership style. Very early Donald Trump started his business journey by developing his personal brand which can be seen in every building of real estate owned by Mr. Trump. He is a risk taker and powerful person, but still, he takes smart business decisions. All these businesses skills has made him a very good leader. The leadership style Donald Trump follows is transactional leadership style. Donald Trump believes in giving a reward in exchange for the work done by his employees (Nye, 2013). In Trumps organization, a reward can be in the form of a better job, a promotion, or a raise. The employees of Donald Trumps organization work hard for him to get recognition and advancement in exchange for their dedication. There are many examples that reflect Donald Trumps transactional leadership in his work life. Matthew Calamari is a great example; Donald Trump has rewar ded his security guard for his dedication towards his job. Now Matthew Calamari is the vice president of one of the projects of Trump organization. It was Donald Trumps vision that made him recognize his employees potential and proved to be a success (Page Dittmer, 2016). The leader traits that Donald Trump has are as follows: - Verbal Fluency- Donald Trump has such an invincible aura that everybody listens what he want to say. He is so convincing that he can sell and articulate his idea to all. This leadership trait is very important in the business in which Donald Trump deals. Ability to Solve Problems- an effective leader should always be ready to face problems and to find a solution for it. Donald Trump never phases when a problem arise in front of him like when he has had to cover a debt of more than 9 billion dollars which he overcame through his focus, and hard work (Schmid, 2006). Awareness of needs- an effective and efficient leader understands the needs of his workers and tries to fulfill it. More than 20,000 employees depend on Donald Trump for their jobs. It is Donald Trumps responsibility to take right decision regarding his business as he has 20,000 homes to look after. Personal Power- Donald Trump displays his power through his work. He displays his name in every property he constructed across the world. A leader should have a power because people like to follow a powerful person, to learn how to be successful (Sethuraman Suresh, 2014). Intelligence- one doesnt need to be a genius for being a successful leader, but knowledge about his business and things associated with is very important. Donald Trump is a graduate from the University of Pennsylvania but the maximum knowledge he gained while working with his father. Expert Power- a leader, should be a master of the field he is leading in. Donald Trump is a leader in all sense in his field. He masters the real estate business. He is aware of all the tricks that are written in any book associated with real estate. His expert power in real estate has brought success to him. Legitimate Power- Donald Trump carries a power of recognition that he gained by running his own business efficiently and success fully. In the real estate business, Donald Trump has the authority give a final verdict, which shows the total power he has in his business field. Donald Trump also has legitimate power. This type of power comes from your standing in the organization. Well, when you are the number one person running the show and have the final say in anything you do, that is total power (Sun, 2013). The Servant Leadership Theory (Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) In India, there are many great leaders, but when it comes to finding the best out of them, and then the name of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi always comes on top. In India Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is known as Mahatma Gandhi for his participation in the freedom struggle of India. Under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi India got its freedom back. He has studied law and practiced it in South Africa where he realized that he want to work peoples benefit rather than earning a profit (Trim, 2016). Then Gandhis outlook changed, and he looked forward to rendering service rather than making profit. In South Africa, he fought against racial discrimination by using weapons like non-violence and satyagraha. Later he came to India and lead Indian to fight against British to gain independence with the help of non-violence and satyagraha. His servant leadership style forced the British to free India. Mahatma Gandhi was the most humble leader in Indian history. He never harmed anyone through his figh t against British, and he asked his followers also to do the same. He went to jail sometimes along with his followers. His country was his priority, and he worked really hard to gain freedom for his country. Mahatma Gandhi never forced his followers to follow his lead, but most of them were pleased to be a part of Mahatma Gandhis freedom fight. He gave his whole life to his country and his followers. That is the reason he was named as the The Father of the Nation (Antonakis House, 2014). The leadership traits of Mahatma Gandhi are as follows:- Being a Servant- Mahatma Gandhi is the best example of servant leadership. For him leadership never mattered he always thought himself to be nations servant. He found pleasure in serving people. Acts of service- in his youth Gandhi taught English to Indians living in South Africa without any fees so that they can also live a life with equality. He uses to serve patients in a hospital daily for two hours when he was in South Africa. Fully knowing the risks of black plague he volunteered to nurse the patients when it struck Indians in South Africa (Brungardt, 2011). Integrity- Mahatma Gandhi was an honest person. He never used any kind of favors offered to him by big and famous people of his time. He maintained his integrity by living a very simple life and spending most of it in the fight for freedom of India. If decide then complete it- Mahatma Gandhi believed and followed a characteristic which say that if decided and taken the first step than never look back and work hard to complete the task taken up. There were many hindrances that came in the path of freedom, but Mahatma Gandhi never stopped trying for it (Daft, 2011). Power to inspire- no doubt that Mahatma Gandhi had a power of inspiring and motivating others. He made masses of India believe in his vision of getting independence of India with the help of non-violence, and satyagraha. And actually, he was able to attain his goals with the help of his followers (Dalglish Miller, 2010). Conclusion A leader is not born with the qualities to lead. With time and experience, he learns the various skills required for the effective leadership. The various characteristics mingled together and formed the leadership style followed by the leader to attain his goals. Different situations and circumstances need a different type of leadership theory to be followed to solve the problem or to reach the objectives. Transactional leadership theory and servant leadership theory are poles apart if compared with each other. But, one thing is clear that the ultimate goal of the leader following either of the leadership theory is to achieve the targets set by the organization. References Antonakis, J. House, R. (2014). Instrumental leadership: Measurement and extension of transformationaltransactional leadership theory.The Leadership Quarterly,25(4), 746-771. Brungardt, C. (2011). The Intersection Between Soft Skill Development and Leadership Education.Journal Of Leadership Education,10(1), 1-22. Daft, R. (2011).Leadership.leadership. Retrieved 6 September 2016, from https://Daft, R. L. (2011). Leadership (International Edition 5e). Carlsbad, CA: Southwestern. Dalglish, ,. Miller, P. (2010).Leadership: Understanding its global impact. Prahran:. Australia: Tilde University Press. Dartey-Baah, K. (2015). Resilient leadership: a transformational-transactional leadership mix.Journal Of Global Responsibility,6(1), 99-112. https://dx.doi.org/10.1108/jgr-07-2014-0026 Davenport, B. (2014). Compassion, suffering and servant-leadership: Combining compassion and servant-leadership to respond to suffering.Leadership,11(3), 300-315. de Vries, R. (2012). Personality predictors of leadership styles and the selfother agreement problem.The Leadership Quarterly,23(5), 809-821. Frey Horn, L. (2009). Leaders the Leadership Process: Readings, SelfÃ Assessments Applications20092Jon L. Pierce and John W. Newstrom. Leaders the Leadership Process: Readings, SelfÃ Assessments Applications . 5th ed.: McGrawÃ HillBoston, MA 2008Paperback. 530 pp. 41.99 ($94.00), ISBN: 9780071263764.Jnl Euro Industrial Training,33(4), 382-384. Hinkin, T. Schriesheim, C. (2008). A theoretical and empirical examination of the transactional and non-leadership dimensions of the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ).The Leadership Quarterly,19(5), 501-513. Lennick, D. Kiel, F. (2006). Moral intelligence for successful leadership.Leader To Leader,2006(40), 13-16. McCarthy, C. (2015). Cultivate the top 5 characteristics of an extraordinary leader.The Successful Registrar,14(12), 9-9. Mumford, T., Campion, M., Morgeson, F. (2007). The leadership skills strataplex: Leadership skill requirements across organizational levels.The Leadership Quarterly,18(2), 154-166. Munshi, S. (2010). Learning Leadership: Lessons from Mahatma Gandhi.Asian Journal Of Social Science,38(1), 37-45. Nye, J. (2013). Transformational and transactional presidents.Leadership,10(1), 118-124. Page, S. Dittmer, J. (2016). Donald Trump and the white-male dissonance machine.Political Geography. Schmid, H. (2006). Leadership styles and leadership change in human and community service organizations.Nonprofit Management Leadership,17(2), 179-194. Sethuraman, K. Suresh, J. (2014). Effective Leadership Styles.IBR,7(9). Sun, P. (2013). The servant identity: Influences on the cognition and behavior of servant leaders.The Leadership Quarterly,24(4), 544-557. Trim, A. (2016). Public Engagement: A Vital Leadership Skill.Ejournal,5(1). Fasano, A. Kirschenman, M. (2012). Behind Every Successful Leader Lies a Great Delegator.Leadership Manage. Eng.,12(4), 341-343.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss About The Wireless Microwave Technology Conference? Answer: Introducation Wireless LAN (WLAN) channels are the new mode for data communication and there are multiple options available for the same. In this section, four of such technology are assessed to identify the system that will be the leader in the deemed field. The considered technologies have been discussed as follows: 802.11b: The deemed technology uses radio signal frequency at 2.4 GHz for the communication purpose (Desai Ibrahim, 2015). It offers larger signal range and is also almost obstruct proof at a lower price. However, it suffers interference from appliances that uses electromagnetic waves and offers low data communication speed. 802.11g: The considered technology also equips radio signal at 2.4 GHz however it offers more bandwidth than 802.11b (Desai Ibrahim, 2015). Extended bandwidth offers high speed than the its predecessors with good range along with compatibility to its predecessors hardware. It is not cost efficient and also suffers from interference. 802.11n: The talked about technology uses multiple antennas and signals (MIMO) for the communication. The speed of up to 300 Mbps is one of the most significant advantage of the same along with a strong signal range and resistance to external interferences (Bejarano, Knightly Park, 2013). However, equipping multiple signal increases the probability of interference with the signals from different WLAN technologies. 802.11ac: This model uses dual band model for supporting dual bandwidth (2.4 5 GHz). It offers enormously high speed of upto 1300 Mbps for 2.4 GHz and 450 Mbps for 5 GHz along with compatibility with the older models of 802.11 series (Bejarano, Knightly Park, 2013). The only con of the deemed system is its higher cost and is not immune to interference in 2.4 GHz. Hence, after the discussion of different WLAN technologies it is recommended to equip 802.11ac. The reason for the recommendation is its high bandwidth multiple supports and compatibility. Comparison: FHSS and DSSS Both FHSS (Frequency Hoping Spread Spectrum) and DSSS (Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum) are wireless data transmission technology however, they offer some contrasting differences which have been mentioned as follows (Alisa, 2013): Speed: The top most speed offered by FHSS is 3 Mbps because of its limited bandwidth while DSSS has larger bandwidth and hence can offer up to 11 Mbps. Connectivity: DSSSs connectivity suffers in the obstructed environment (like noises, multi-path, presence of other wave and others). However, FHSS can withstand such environment, sometimes it can even elude jammers. Power Consumption: DSSS equips devices that consume more power (Linear power amplifier) while FHSS can work on nonlinear power amplifier. Hence, the latter is more power efficient than the former. Cost efficiency: FHSS are cheaper than DSSS. Interference: DSSS can withstand high interference though the same cannot be quoted about the FHSS. Channels: FHSS equips multiple channels for transmission which affects the quality of the transmission on the other hand DSSS uses single channel. Antennas in wireless technology The following section discusses four different types of antennas available in the consumer market before putting forth the recommendation for the deemed organisation. Dish: Dish is the most widely known antenna in the world. It equips reflector to focus the radio frequency in the antenna (Stutzman Thiele, 2012). It offers great bandwidth that are operational over a huge range of frequencies along with high gain and directivity. The demerits that are associated with the considered antenna are its size, cost and maintenance. Grid: These antennas are directional in nature and must be pointed towards the source. The most significant advantage offered by the antenna is the capability to avoid interference as it is source focused (Knox, 2012). They also offer high gain and are compatible with most of the systems because of its size. Though, its limited bandwidth and frequency range are the things that the users need to consider before equipping it. Sector: These antennas are geometrically directed antenna allowing the user to gain a full circular coverage (Lo Li, 2012). The greatest advantage offered by the considered antennas is the extended number of connections it can handle at a single instant. However, the positioning of this antenna along with its non-immunity to interference are few of its cons. Omni: The deemed antenna offers a great coverage distance but reduced angle. The reason for the above mentioned statement is its directional nature (Stutzman Thiele, 2012). Omni antennas offers low gain as they follow beam pattern and hence are not focussed to the source. However, the deemed antenna is suitable for the system where alignment od the direction is of great importance. The discussion above offered an insight of the different types of antenna that can be equipped depending on the requirement. Hence, it is recommended that if the organisation wants an efficient communication within the organisation then they should opt for the sector antenna. However, if their requirement is geographically large then dish antenna is most suitable option for them. References: Alisa, Z. T. (2013). Evaluating the Performance of Wireless Network using OPNET Modeler.International Journal of Computer Applications,62(13). Bejarano, O., Knightly, E. W., Park, M. (2013). IEEE 802.11 ac: from channelization to multi-user MIMO.IEEE Communications Magazine,51(10), 84-90. Desai, P., Ibrahim, B. (2015).U.S. Patent No. 9,059,782. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Knox, M. E. (2012, April). Single antenna full duplex communications using a common carrier. InWireless and microwave technology conference (WAMICON), 2012 IEEE 13th annual(pp. 1-6). IEEE. Lo, T., Li, X. (2012).U.S. Patent No. 8,116,822. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Stutzman, W. L., Thiele, G. A. (2012).Antenna theory and design. John Wiley Sons.